The cockroach is a resilient and ever-present species of insect while widely regarded as pests around the world. Cockroaches are currently categorized in at least 4,000 species. Roughly 70 of these are found in North America. Cockroaches make their homes in nearly any protected area (including residential homes and outdoor debris piles) and are more active during the night time. As typical insects, they have six legs and, depending on the species, wings (two sets: forewings and hindwings). Antennae allow them to find food and water sources and potential threats. Being a multi-legged insect they are very fast runners on nearly any surface (walls included) and their bodies are flexible enough to fit into the most narrow crevices. Being that they require viable food and water sources as well as generally comfortable temperatures, Cockroaches usually tend to favor the same conditions as humans – which explains their near proximity to us in daily life.
The Cockroach’s prevalence has been made substantial with the increase of world travel. These insects can gain free access to generally restricted areas and easily cross vast oceans on boats or airplanes. Cockroach breeds can begin completely new colonies to which females can deliver, at minimum, 100 eggs at a time. From there, the insect enters a metamorphosis phase (ten or more molts per lifetime) to which the finalized Cockroach emerges. Unlike other changing insects, the Cockroach young is very similar to the adult. Their typical colors are red, brown and black while others are a yellowish green. The dietary menu includes both animal and plant matter, which causes further contact with humans.
There are many notable species of Cockroaches and this includes the common German and American cockroaches as well as the Oriental and Desert cockroaches. The largest Cockroach species in North America is the “Death’s Head” Cockroach which usually finds it’s home primarily across tropical Florida or similar climates like the warm Caribbean islands and throughout Latin and South America. This species is easily identified for its “death face” as seen along the yellowish pronotum as well as for it’s ability to grow to over 2 inches long!