Termites, often called the “silent destroyer”, may be secretly hiding and thriving in your houset or lawn without any immediate signs of damage. Different termite species thrive in different climates and eat different types of food, all termites require four things:

  1. food
  2. moisture
  3. shelter
  4. optimal temperature

Unfortunately, all homes, regardless of their construction type, can provide the necessities for termite infestation.

Termites are detrivores, or detritus feeders. They feed on dead plants and trees, including dead parts of live trees.  This inclusdes wood in the soil. A termite’s mouth is capable of ripping apart relatively large pieces of wood. This ability is what causes concern in human dwellings: while termites are only an average of one centimeter in length, their feeding habits are capable of causing costly property damage. Foundations, furniture, insulation, shelves, carpets and  even books are all possible foods for termites.

Subterranean termite homes are usually formed in soil. Within these mounds, termites build tunnel systems for accessing food sources  aboveground. Dry-wood termites live in the wood they consume and often take up residence in walls and furniture as well.

Once a colony is mature, winged  swarming termites can be found near windows and doors. Winged termites are highly attracted to sources of light and are usually most active during the spring. After mating, termites locate a new breeding site and create a seperate colony, spreading infestations among multiple locations.